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Psychology: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
What's Your EQ? - Emotional Intelligence Test
What is your emotional intelligence quotient? Take this quiz to learn more about your emotional intelligence.
Quiz - What's Your Leadership Style?
The classic model of leadership focuses on three major styles used by leaders. Take this quiz to learn more about your leadership style.
Psychology Career Quiz - Choosing a Psychology Career
Which psychology career is right for you? Take this 10-question quiz to learn which psychology careers are best matched to your interests.
Erikson's Psychosocial Stages Summary Chart
Erik Erikson described development that occurs throughout the lifespan. Learn more in this chart summarizing Erikson's stages of psychosocial development.
What's Your Romantic Attachment Style? - Romance and Attachment Style Quiz
Research has shown that our attachments style can have an impact on our romantic relationships. What is your romantic attachment style? Take this quiz to learn more about your attachment style.
Left-Brain, Right-Brain
People are often described as left-brain dominant or right brain-dominant? Learn more about left-brain, right-brain dominance.
Reference Pages in APA Format
APA format reference lists should begin on a new page and all sources should be presented in alphabetical order. Learn more in this example of a reference page in APA format.
Title Page Example
Your title page is the first page of your paper. Check out this example to ensure that your title page is in proper APA format.
Psychosocial Development
Learn more about the stages of Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development. Each stage plays a major role in the development of personality and psychological skills.
"Big Five" Personality Quiz
big five personality quiz personality profile: personality psychologists personality quiz dimensions of personality personality theories theories of personality
Multiple Intelligence Test
Multiple Intelligences Quiz What Type of Intelligence Do You Have? Psychologist Howard Gardner's theory
Psychology vs. Psychiatry
What is the difference between a psychologist and psychiatrists? Discover how these professional differ in terms of education, training, and practice.
Entry-level Careers
There are a number of career options available to students with a bachelor's degree in psychology. Learn how the skills you acquired during your experience as an undergraduate student will help you in your job search.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
The hierarchy of needs emphasizes the importance of self-actualization and is often pictured as a pyramid. Learn more about the five levels in Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
APA Format Examples, Tips, and Guidelines
APA format is the official style of the American Psychological Association and is generally used for writing in psychology, eduction, and other social sciences. Learn more about how to create APA format papers with these tips, guidelines, and examples.
Tables in APA Format
Tables are a great way to present a lot of information in a clear, conside, and readable format. This example and tips can help you create APA format tables for your psychology papers.
Social Learning Theory
Psychologist Albert Bandura proposed social learning theory, which emphasizes the importance of observational learning. Learn more about what social learning theory is, basic concepts of this learning theory, and how observational learning occurs.
Why Do We Dream?
Have you ever wondered why you dream? This question has fascinated people since the beginning of recorded history, but today we still don't fully understand the purpose of dreams. Learn more about some of the most prominent theories of dreams.
Psychological Disorders List
This list of psychological disorders describes different categories of mental disorders and offers examples of each type of psychological disorder. Learn more about the different types of mental disorders in this list of psychological disorders.
Psychosexual Development
Freud's stages of psychosexual development is on of the best known personality theories, but also one of the most controversial. Learn more about the psychosexual stages of development.
Theories of Motivation
Motivation is the force that initiates, guides and maintains goal-oriented behaviors. The forces that lie beneath motivation can be biological, social, emotional or cognitive in nature. Learn more about some of the major theories of motivation.
Id, Ego, and Superego
According to Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality, there are three elements of personality--the id, the ego and the superego. Learn more about how these elements work together to influence behavior.
Leadership Theories
Theories of leadership are generally one of eight different types. Learn more about the eight major leadership theories.
Stages of Sleep
Studies of human sleep have demonstrated that sleep progresses through a series of stages in which different brain wave patterns are displayed. Learn more about the stages of sleep.
Journal and Periodicals in APA Format
Journal articles should be listed in your APA format reference list in alphabetical order. Learn how to create references for articles appearing in journals or periodicals in proper APA format.
Sigmund Freud
Often described as the most famous figure in psychology, Sigmund Freud is also one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century. Take a journey through his life, work, and theories in this profile of Freud.
Color Psychology
Color psychology is concerned with the effects of color on mood, emotion, behavior. Discover the powerful effects color can have on moods, emotions and behaviors.
Kolberg's Moral Development
Kohlberg's theory of moral development was formed to expain the development of moral reasoning. Learn more about the different stages of moral development.
Emotional Intelligence
What exactly is emotional intelligence? Learn more about the history, importance, and measurements of emotional intelligence.
Trait Theory of Personality
Th trait theory of personality suggests that our personalities are made up of several number broad traits. Learn more about the trait theory of personality.
"Big Five" Personality
What Are the Big Five Dimensions of Personality? Personality researchers have proposed that there are
Top 10 Psychology Careers
Which psychology careers offer the best outlook for future job growth? These are just a few of the top psychology career trends in some of the fastest growing specialty areas.
Parenting Styles
Research suggests that different parenting styles have an important impact on child development. Learn more about these different parenting styles and how they impact children.
APA Format
APA format is the standard style for psychology papers. Learn more about documenting your sources, preparing a reference section and proper in-text citations.
Dream Interpretation
What do your dreams mean? Learn more about some of the many dream interpretation theories have been proposed.
Psychology Research Methods Quiz
Test your knowledge of basic psychology research methods in this quiz.
Classical Conditioning
Classical conditioning is one of the best-known concepts of behavioral learning theory. Find information on the elements of classical conditioning.
Development Theories
Research on child development has yielded many theories on children's mental, emotional, and social development. Learn more about some of the major child development theories proposed by psychologists.
Conscious and Unconscious
According to psychoanalysis, thoughts and motivations outside of our awareness influence our behavior. Learn more about Freud's theory of the conscious and unconscious mind.
Lewin's Leadership Styles
Kurt Lewin's 1939 study identified three major leadership styles. Learn more about this influential contribution to leadership research.
Highest Paying Psychology Jobs
Careers in psychology can vary considerably in pay. Explore some of the highest paying psychology careers and learn more about average salaries and educational requirements for these jobs.
What Is Behaviorism?
Behaviorism is a theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. Learn more about conditioning, major behaviorists, and important events in this overview of behaviorism.
Electronic Sources in APA Format
Learn more about how to reference electronic sources in APA format by looking at these examples.
What Is Cognitive Dissonance?
The term cognitive dissonance is used to describe the feeling of discomfort that results from holding two conflicting beliefs. When there is a discrepancy between beliefs for behaviors, something must change in order to eliminate or reduce the dissonance.
Intro to Operant Conditioning
Operant conditioning is one of the fundamental concepts in behavioral psychology. Learn more about the effects of rewards and punishments on behavior.
What Is Psychology?
Psychology is a popular subject but many people don't know how to define psychology. Learn about the early history of psychology, the official beginning of psychology, and more about psychology today.
Nonverbal Communication
Discover the eight different types of nonverbal communication and behavior including gestures, facial expressions and posture.
Write An Abstract
In scientific writing, an abstract is a concise summary of a paper. Learn more about how to write an abstract section in APA format.
Attachment Theory
Attachment theory was initially described by psychologist John Bowlby and later expanded by researchers such as Mary Ainsworth. Learn more in this overview of attachment theory.
Psychologist Schooling
How many years do you need to go to school to become a psychologist? Learn about different degree options and requirements for various careers in psychology.
BA vs BS in Psychology
Reader Question: My University offers both a Bachelor of Arts (BA) and a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree in Psychology. What is the difference between these two degrees? Is one degree better than the other?
Careers in Forensic Psychology
Forensic psychology involves applying psychology to the field of criminal investigation and the law. Learn more about training, typical salaries, benefits, and downsides in this profile of careers in forensic psychology.
What Is a Genius IQ Score?
What exactly is considered a genius IQ score? Learn more about how IQ test scores are assessed and how many people identify genius IQ scores.
Preoperational Stage
The preoperational stage of cognitive development occurs between the ages of two and six. Learn more about the characteristics and major milestones of this stage.
Clinical Psychology Careers
Clinical psychology is concerned with the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment, and prevention of mental disorders. Learn about the training, salary, and more about careers in clinical psychology.
Defense Mechanisms
According to Sigmund Freud's theory of personality, defense mechanisms help the ego cope with anxiety. Learn more about the ten defense mechanisms described by Anna Freud, and more.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients to understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors. CBT is commonly used to treat a wide range of disorders, including phobias, addition, depression and anxiety disorders.
Piaget - Key Concepts
Important concepts in Piaget's stages of cognitive development include assimilation, accommodation, and equilibration. Learn more about these concepts as well as the background of Piaget's theory.
Attachment Styles
What is Attachment? Attachment is a special emotional relationship that involves an exchange of comfort,
What Is Nature Versus Nurture?
The nature versus nurture debate is one of the oldest issues in psychology...
In psychology, motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides and maintains goal-oriented behaviors...
Tips for Improving Memory
Cognitive psychologists have discovered a number of techniques to help improve memory. Learn more about some of these strategies and how you can apply these memory tips to your own studies.
I-O Psychology Career Profile
Industrial-organizational psychology is concerned with the study of workplace behavior. Learn more about careers in industrial-organizational psychology.
The Milgram Experiment
Milgram's obedience experiment has become one of the most famous studies in psychology's history. Learn more about this classic study on obedience.
Defense Mechanisms Quiz
Test your knowledge in this defense mechanisms quiz.
What Is Self-Efficacy?
Psychologist Albert Bandura suggested that self-efficacy plays a critical role in how we think, feel, and behave. Learn more about what self-efficacy is and why it is so important.
The Anatomy of the Brain
The brain can be divided into four lobes, each of which is associated with different functions. Learn more about the structure and function of the four lobes of the brain.
Sensorimotor Stage
The sensorimotor stage is the first stage in Piaget's theory of cognitive development. Learn more about the characteristics and major milestones of this period.
Autocratic Leadership
Autocratic leadership, also known as authoritarian leadership, is a leadership style characterized by individual control over all decisions and little input from group members. Learn more about the characteristics, benefits and downsides of autocratic leadership.
Classical v Operant
Understand how classical and operant conditioning differ in several important ways.
Freudian Theory
Freudian theory centers around the many ideas and works of famed psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Learn more about important concepts including the unconscious and psychosexual development.
Psychiatrist Careers
A psychiatrist is a medical doctor that specializes in the treatment of mental disorders. Psychiatrists are sometimes confused with psychologists, and while there are many similarities between the two professions, there are also many important differences.
Psychology 101 Quiz - Introduction to Psychology Quiz
Test your knowledge of introductory psychology topics in this Psychology 101 quiz.
APA Paper
If you are taking a psychology class, it is very likely that your instructor will ask you to write an APA paper at some point. Find how more about how to write a great APA paper.
What Is Personality?
Personality encompasses a number of characteristics that arise from within an individual. Learn more about the definition of personality.
Phobia List
Phobias are the most common mental disorder in the U.S. This phobia list gives the name and fear object of a number of phobias.
Psychologist Salaries
How much do psychologists earn? Learn more about the average salaries for a variety of different psychology jobs.
Democratic Leadership
Democratic leadership, also known as participative leadership, is a type of leadership style in which members of the group take a more participative role in the decision-making process. Learn more about the characteristics, benefits and downsides of democratic leadership.
Personality Study Guide
Learn more about some of the major theories of personality proposed by different psychologists. These theories of personality include biological theories, psychodynamic theories, and humanistic theories.
What Is a Social Worker?
Becoming a social worker is a great way to work in a psychology-related field that offers both challenges and rewards. Learn more about what it takes to become a social worker.
What is Validity?
When determining the merits of a psychological test, validity is one of the most important factors to consider. What is validity? How do we measure it? Learn the answers to these questions and more.
Book References in APA Format
APA format has specific rules for creating a book reference. Learn how to write a book reference in APA format.
How to Become a Therapist
Have you ever dreamed of becoming a therapist? Learn more about the steps you should take in order to achieve your goal.
Learning and Conditioning Quiz
Learning and Conditioning Quiz Test Your Knowledge of Learning and Conditioning Sorry, but this quiz
Quiz - Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development
Test your knowledge of Erikson's stages of psychosocial development with this quiz.
Identity Versus Confusion
Identity versus confusion is the fifth stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Learn more about the events that occur during the identity versus confusion stage of development.
Humanistic Psychology
Humanistic psychology formed as a reaction to psychoanalysis and behaviorism and stressed the importance of personal choice and responsibility. Learn more about this major school of thought in psychology's history.
Erik Erikson (1902-1994)
Erik Erikson's stage theory of psychosocial development contributed to our understanding of personality development throughout the lifespan. Learn more about his life, career, and contributions to psychology.
Narcissistic Personality
Narcissistic personality disorder is a pervasive pattern of behavior characterized by and exaggerated sense of self-importance. Learn more about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of narcissistic personality disorder.
Bachelor's Psychology Careers
Have you ever wondered exactly what kind of job you can have with a bachelor's degree in psychology? Learn more about some of the different types of entry-level careers that are available to psychology majors.
Formal Operational Stage
The formal operational stage of cognitive development occurs from approximately age 12 to adulthood. Learn more about the characteristics of the formal operational stage.
Stages of Prenatal Development
The stages of prenatal development represent an enormous amount of change from conception to birth. Find more information about the stages of prenatal development.
Personality Psychology Quiz
Personality Psychology Quiz Test Your Knowledge of Personality Psychology Sorry, but this quiz requires
Concrete Operational Stage
The concrete operational stage of cognitive development occurs between the ages of approximately seven to eleven. Learn more about the characteristics of milestones of this stage.
Personality Facts
Personality makes us who we are, but what factors influence our personality? Can we change our personalities, or do our overall traits remain constant throughout life? Learn more about what researchers have learned in these ten fascinating facts about personality.
Authoritative Parenting
Authoritative parenting is characterized by parents who hold high expectations and set clear guidelines, but are responsive and nurturing to their children. Learn more about authoritative parenting, the characteristics of parents and the effect on children.
Child Psychologist
If you enjoy working with children, you may have consider a career as a child psychologist. Learn more about the educational requirements, salaries and job duties in this overview of a career as a child psychologist.
What Is Cognitive Psychology?
Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the acquisition, processing, and storing of information. Discover more about different topics and issues in cognitive psychology.
Schedules of Reinforcement
Schedules of reinforcement have a major impact on how fast a behavior is acquired and the strength of the response. Learn more about different schedules of reinforcement in operant conditioning.
Criminal Psychologist
Criminal psychologists are often portrayed on tv dramas, but what do these professional really do? Learn more about this exciting career path including where criminal psychologists typically work, how much education is required and how much you can earn by working in this field.
Oedipal Complex Definition
A term used by Freud in his theory of psychosexual stages of development to describe a boy's feelings of desire for his mother and jealously and anger towards his father...
How to Write a Method Section
In psychology writing, the method section provides a summary of the procedures and materials used in an experiment. The method section should provide enough detail to allow other researchers to replicate the experiment.
Ph.D. in Psychology
So how long does it take to get a Ph.D. in Psychology? First, it is important to realize that the degree requirements can vary depending upon the field that you decide to pursue. A Ph.D., or Doctor of Philosophy, degree is not necessarily your only option. In some cases, you might want to also consider the Psy.D., or Doctor of Psychology, degree option.
Generativity Versus Stagnation
Generativity versus stagnation is the seventh stage of Erikson's psychosocial theory. Learn more about the events that occur during the generativity versus stagnation stage of development.
Sociocultural Theory
Sociocultural theory is a theory of development that stress the important of socialization on cognitive development. Learn more about sociocultural theory.
Forensic Psychology Quiz - Should You Become a Forensic Psychologist
Are you interested in becoming a forensic psychologist? Take this 10 question quiz to learn whether a career in forensic psychology is right for you.
How to Write A Title Page
Almost all types of psychology writing require a title page. How should a title page look? What elements are necessary? Learn how to prepare a title page in APA format.
Pavlov's Dogs
The concept of classical conditioning is studied by every entry-level psychology student, so it may be surprising to learn that the man who first noted this phenomenon was not a psychology at all. Learn more about classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov and his well-known experiments with dogs.
What Is Reliability?
Reliability is a vital component of a trustworthy psychological test. What is reliability? How do we measure it? Learn more about reliability in psychology tests.
Tips for Effective Learning
Discover tips from psychology for effective learning. Improve your learning efficiency, study skills and memorization abilities.
What Is a Schema?
In psychology, a schema is a cognitive framework that helps organize and interpret information in the world around us.
Early Childhood Development
Early childhood is not only a period of amazing physical growth, it is also a time of remarkable mental development. Learn more about cognitive development in early childhood
Master's Psychology Jobs
The job opportunities available to you after earning your master's degree in psychology can depend on a number of factors. Learn more about some of the jobs you can pursue with a master's degree in psychology.
Body Language
Facial expressions are important to body language. Learn more about some of the things you should look for when trying to read body language.
The INFJ personality type is one of the rarest, with just one to three percent of people displaying this type. Learn more about the characteristics of the INFJ personality type.
Laissez-Faire Leadership
Laissez-faire leadership, also known as delegative leadership, is a type of leadership style in which leaders are hands-off and allow group members to make the decisions. Learn more about the characteristics, benefits and downsides of laissez-faire leadership.
Cognitive Development Summary Chart
A quick overview of the stages in Piaget's theory of cognitive development.
Becoming a Psychologist
Have you ever wanted to become a psychologist? This can be an exciting career choice with a wide variety of specialty areas and opportunities, but many students have questions about exactly what they need to do to become a psychologist. The following steps detail the process you will need to follow in order to become a psychologist.
What Is Social Psychology?
Social psychology is a discipline that uses scientific methods to study social influence, social perception and social interaction. Learn more about the history of social psychology and what makes it different from other disciplines.
Theories of Emotion
Emotions exert and incredibly powerful force on human behavior. Strong emotions can cause you to take actions you might not normally perform, or avoid situations that you generally enjoy. So what exactly are emotions? What causes these feelings? Learn more about some of the major theories of emotion that have been proposed by researchers, philosophers and psychologists.
Theories of Intelligence
While there are numerous theories of intelligence, psychologists do not agree on a standard definition for the concept of 'intelligence.' Here are some of the major theories.
Positive Reinforcement
Positive reinforcement is often used in operant conditioning to increase the likelihood that behaviors will occur. Find examples and learn more about how positive reinforcement works.
Overview of Memory
Memory involves the process of acquiring, storing, and recalling information. Learn more about what memory is, how it works, and how it is organized.
Transformational Leadership
Transformational leadership is a leadership style that leads to positive changes in those who follow. These leaders are described as passionate and enthusiastic.
Negative Reinforcement
Negative reinforcement is another technique used in operant conditioning used to increase the likelihood that behaviors will occur. Learn more about what negative reinforcement is, how it works and how it differs from punishment.
What Is a Psychologist?
A psychologist is someone who studies the mind and behavior. While people often think of talk therapy when they hear the word psychologist, this profession actually encompasses a wide range of specialty areas that includes such things as animal research to organizational behavior.
Industry Versus Inferiority
Industry versus inferiority is the fourth stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Learn more about the events that occurs during the industry versus inferiority stage of development.
Correlational Studies
Correlational studies are one of the two major types of psychology research. Learn more about the subtypes of correlational studies as well as methods of observation, and scientific surveys.
APA Format for Articles
Find tips and examples for creating a references for articles in proper APA format.
Cross-Sectional Research
Cross-sectional research is often used in psychology, developmental research, social science, education, and other branches of science...
What Is Counseling Psychology?
Counseling psychology focuses on providing therapeutic treatments to clients experiencing a wide variety of symptoms. It is also one of the largest specialty areas within psychology. Learn more about counseling psychology.
Intimacy Versus Isolation
Intimacy versus isolation is the sixth stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Learn more about the events that occur during the intimacy versus isolation stage of development.
Master's Degree in Psychology
Are you thinking about earning a master's degree in psychology? Learn more about earning a master's degree in psychology, including how long it will take, your career options after graduation and possible alternative degrees that you might want to consider.
Introversion is one of the major personality traits identified by many different personality theories. Learn more about about the characteristics of introversion.
The Stanford Prison Experiment
The Stanford Prison Experiment is one of the most famous experiments in psychology's history. Learn more about the experiment and the results.
What Is Clinical Psychology?
Clinical psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with assessing and treating mental illness, abnormal behavior and psychiatric problems. Learn more about clinical psychology.
What Is a Freudian Slip?
You've probably heard the term Freudian slip, but what exactly does it mean? Learn more about the definition of a Freudian slip.
Attitudes have a powerful influence on behavior. Learn more about how attitudes form, how they change and how they influence the way we behavior.
What Is the DSM?
Published by the American Psychiatric Association, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual attempts to classify mental disorders according to symptoms and is used by clinicians and psychiatrists to determine what does and does not constitute a psychological illness. Learn more about the DSM-IV and how mental illnesses are categorized.
The Little Albert Experiment
The Little Albert experiment was a famous psychology experiment conducted by behaviorist John B. Watson and graduate student Rosalie Raynor. Learn more about the Little Albert experiment and discover what happened to the boy in the study.
Deprived of almost all human contact until the age of 13, Genie posed an interested question: Could a child learn language after the critical period was over?
Psychological Disorders
Psychological disorders and mental illness are commonly used terms, but many people do not fully understand exactly how psychological disorders are identified and diagnosed. Learn more in this brief overview of psychological disorders.
10 Common Phobias
Phobias are one of the most common disorders, affecting approximately 10-percent of adults. Not surprisingly, spiders, snakes, and heights are some of the most common fear objects. Learn more about 10 of the most common phobias.
Loneliness is a universal human emotion, yet it is both complex and unique to each individual. Loneliness has no single common cause, so the preventions and treatments for this damaging state of mind vary dramatically.
Client-Centered Therapy
Client-centered therapy is a non-directive technique developed by humanist psychologist Carl Rogers that emphasizes the importance of unconditional positive regard.
10 Facts About Psychology
Are you new to the study of psychology? It may seem like a vast and daunting topic at first, but understanding a few basic facts can make it easier to get started. Learn more about the ten basic things you need to know about psychology.
Psychology Paper Topics
Are you struggling to find a great topic for your psychology paper? Then check out some of the following ideas to spark your creativity and find a compelling subject for your paper.
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) is the most widely used and researched clinical assessment instrument used by mental health professionals. Learn more in this overview of the MMPI-2.
History of IQ Testing
Interest in intelligence dates back thousands of years, but it wasn't until psychologist Alfred Binet was commissioned over 100 years ago to identify students who needed educational assistance that the first IQ test was born.
B. F. Skinner (1904-1990)
B.F. Skinner's research on operant conditioning made him one of the leaders of behaviorism. Learn more about his life, career, research, and writing.

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