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A List of FamousPsychologists

By , black-rose-bielefeld.de Guide

Carl Rogers

Carl RogersPublic Domain
Carl Rogers was one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century. In addition to contributing to the development of humanistic psychology, his work had a dramatic influence on psychotherapy and education.

Martin Seligman

Martin Seligman is often described as the father of contemporary positive psychology. He served as President of the American Psychological Association in 1998, and in a survey of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century, Seligman was ranked as the 13th most frequently cited psychologist in introductory psychology textbooks.

B. F. Skinner

B. F. SkinnerPublic Domain
B. F. Skinner?s research on operant conditioning (also known as instrumental conditioning) made him one of the leaders of behaviorism, but his theories and research also made him a target for controversy. Skinner's work remains influential today, especially in the field of behavioral therapy where behavior modification and intervention are used to change problem behaviors or reinforce desirable ones.

Sabina Spielrein

Sabina Spielrein is best-known as Carl Jung's patient and mistress as well as the subject of the 2011 film A Dangerous Method. However, Spielrein was also a psychiatrist and an important contributor to the development of psychoanalysis. Jung and Freud both drew on Spielrein's ideas about transference and the death instincts. She also had an impact on other psychologists of her time including Melanie Klein and Jean Piaget. In 1941, Spielrein was killed by the Nazi's and her writings were lost for many years.

Robert Sternberg

Robert Sternberg is a contemporary psychologist recognized for his research on intelligence, creativity, love and cognitive styles. Sternberg developed an intelligence test for a school project when his was in the seventh grade and later went on to form the triarchic theory of intelligence. He has also served as president of the American Psychological Association and has been given numerous awards for his work.

Edward Thorndike

Edward Thorndike was a pioneering American psychologist perhaps best known for the law of effect. While he was a very successful student, he initially disliked his first psychology course. His interest in psychology grew after reading the classic book The Principles of Psychology by William James. Today, he is often referred to as the father of modern educational psychology.

Lev Vygotsky

Lev VygotskyImage courtesy Wikimedia Commons
Lev Vygotsky is often described as a seminal psychologist, since most of his ideas were not discovered by many people until well after his death. He is best known for his sociocultural theory and his concepts of the zone of proximal development and guided practice.

John B. Watson

John B. Watson is often referred to as the "father of behaviorism." His view that psychology was the science of observable behaviors had a strong influence, and the behavioral perspective rose to dominate the field during the first half of the twentieth century. Watson was one of the strongest advocates for behaviorism, suggesting that psychology should be objective and focus on the study of human behaviors.

Max Wertheimer

Max WertheimerPublic Domain/Wikimedia Commons
Max Wertheimer was one of the founders of the school of thought known as Gestalt psychology. Today, Wertheimer is best remembered for his influence on areas including sensation and perception as well as experimental psychology.

Wilhelm Wundt

Wilhelm WundtPublic Domain
Wilhelm Wundt is best-known for establishing the very first experimental psychology lab in Leipzig, Germany. His work helped establish psychology as its own discipline separate from philosophy and physiology.

Robert Yerkes

Robert YerkesPublic Domain
Robert Yerkes is known for his influence on comparative psychology and intelligence testing. He served on the committee responsible for developing the Army Alpha and Army Beta intelligence tests. He also established the first lab in the U.S. devoted to primate research.

Philip Zimbardo

Philip ZimbardoPhoto by shammer86 at http://www.flickr.com/photos/shammer86/440278300/
Philip Zimbardo is an influential psychologist who conducted a famous experiment during the early 1970s known as the Stanford Prison Experiment. He is also widely recognized for his research on shyness, cult behavior and heroism.
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