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Psychology Introduction

An Introduction to the Major Branches of Psychology

By , black-rose-bielefeld.de Guide

Psychology is an exceptionally broad topic, with numerous branches that explore very specific areas of the mind, brain and behavior. Learn more about some of the major specialty areas within psychology in these basic introductions, and then explore some of the major topics of interest for each branch of psychology.

Introduction to Biopsychology

Biological Psychology IntroductionImage courtesy Wikimedia Commons

Biopsychology is sometimes referred to as physiological psychology or biological psychology. Biopsychologists study how the brain, neurotransmitters and other biological process impact how we think and behave. They often use high-tech brain imaging tools such as MRI's and PET scans to analyze the human brain.

Introduction to Developmental Psychology

Developmental Psychology IntroductionImage courtesy Lotus Head

Developmental psychology is the area that explores the emotional, physical and psychological growth of people across the entire lifespan, from conception to death. Some developmental psychologists explore broad areas of growth and change, but many specialize in a particular age range such as childhood, adulthood or old age.

Introduction to Personality Psychology

Personality Psychology IntroductionImage courtesy Warwick Lister-Kaye/iStockPhoto
Personality is made up the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings and behaviors that make each person unique. Personality psychologists study how and why people think and behave as they do, trying to understand how certain personality characteristics develop.

Introduction to Social Psychology

Social Psychology IntroductionImage courtesy Michal Zacharzewski
Social psychology is concerned with how people behave in social situations. Social psychologists study how people behave in groups as well as other topics such as prejudice, aggression, attitudes and prosocial behavior.

Introduction to Behavioral Psychology

Behavioral Psychology IntroductionImage courtesy www.sxc.hu

Behavioral psychology, also known as behaviorism, is a theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. Behaviorism was once a dominant school of thought during the early half of the twentieth century. Today, many techniques from behavioral psychology are often used in therapy and education.

Introduction to Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Psychology IntroductionImage courtesy Kiyoshi Takahase Segundo

Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on internal states, such as motivation, problem-solving, decision-making, thinking and attention. Cognitive psychology has many practical applications. For example, cognitive principles are often used in the creation of educational curricula and software design.

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  • developmental psychology
  • social psychology
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