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Gardner's Theory of MultipleIntelligences

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Strengths: Finding Patters and Relationships to Nature

Naturalistic is the most recent addition to Gardner?s theory 5 and has been met with more resistance than his original seven intelligences. According to Gardner, individuals who are high in this type of intelligence are more in tune with nature and are often interested in nurturing, exploring the environment and learning about other species. These individuals are said to be highly aware of even subtle changes to their environments.

Characteristics of Naturalistic Intelligence

  • Interested in subjects such as botany, biology and zoology
  • Good at categorizing and cataloging information easily
  • May enjoy camping, gardening, hiking and exploring the outdoors
  • Doesn?t enjoy learning unfamiliar topics that have no connection to nature

Potential Career Choices

  • Biologist
  • Conservationist
  • Gardener
  • Farmer

Take the Multiple Intelligences Quiz


1 Gardner, H. (1983) Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York: Basic Books.

2 Gardner, H. (2004). A Multiplicity of Intelligences. http://www.howardgardner.com/Papers/documents/T-101%20A%20Multiplicity%20REVISED.pdf

3 Gardner, H. (2001). The Three Faces of Intelligence. http://www.howardgardner.com/Papers/documents/T-101%20A%20Multiplicity%20REVISED.pdf

4 Waterhouse, L. (2006a). Multiple Intelligences, the Mozart Effect, and Emotional Intelligence: A critical review. Educational Psychologist, 41(4), Fall 2006, pp. 207-225.

5 Gardner, H. (1999). Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for the 21st Century. New York: Basic Books.

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Kendra Cherry

Kendra Cherry
Psychology Guide

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