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Behaviorism Glossary - Key Terms and Concepts

Learn more about some of the key terms and concepts related to behaviorism.

Acquisition Definition
The first stages of learning during which a response is established...

Adaptation Definition
A term referring to the ability to adjust to new information and experiences...

Behavior Analysis Definition
Behavior analysis is a school of psychology based upon the foundations and principles of behaviorism...

Behaviorism Definition
A term referring to the school of psychology founded by John Wastson based on the belief that behaviors can be measured, trained, and changed...

Classical Conditioning
Classical conditioning is a learning technique that is often used in behavioral training.

Conditioned Response Definition
In classical conditioning, the conditioned response is the learned response to the previously neutral stimulus...

Conditioned Stimulus Definition
In classical conditioning, the conditioned stimulus is previously neutral stimulus that, after becoming associated with the unconditioned stimulus, eventually comes to trigger a conditioned response...

Conditioned Taste Aversion Definition
A conditioned taste aversion can occur when eating a substance is followed by illness...

Discrimination Definition
In classical conditioning, discrimination refers to the ability to differentiate between a conditioned stimulus and other stimuli that have not been paired with an unconditioned stimulus...

Extinction Definition
In classical conditioning, extinction is when the occurrences of a conditioned response decrease or disappear...

Fixed-Interval Schedule Definition
A fixed-interval schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where the first response is rewarded only after a specified amount of time has elapsed...

Fixed-Ratio Schedule Definition
A fixed-ratio schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is reinforced only after a specified number of responses...

Habituation Definition
Habituation is a decrease in response to a stimulus after repeated presentations...

Law of Effect Definition
According to the law of effect, responses followed by satisfaction are more likely to reoccur in the future.

Learning Definition
Learning is a lasting change in behavior that results from experience.

Skinner Box Definition
Developed by B. F. Skinner, a Skinner box is a chamber that contains a bar or key that an animal can press or manipulate...

Stimulus Generalization Definition
In classical conditioning, stimulus generalization is the tendency for the conditioned stimulus to evoke similar responses after the response has been conditioned...

Unconditioned Response Definition
In classical conditioning, the unconditioned response is the unlearned response that occurs naturally in response to the unconditioned stimulus...

Unconditioned Stimulus Definition
In classical conditioning, the unconditioned stimulus is one that unconditionally, naturally, and automatically triggers a response...

Variable-Interval Schedule Definition
A variable-interval schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is rewarded after an unpredictable amount of time has passed...

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