Initiative versus guilt is the third stage Erik Erikson identified in his theory of psychosocial development. According to Erikson, this stage takes place between ages of three and five. During this period of development, children are exploring the world around them by playing and interacting with others. Pretend play and social activities allow children to learn how to direct their own actions, exert power over their environment and develop a sense of purpose. Learn more about this stage of psychosocial development in this overview of initiative versus guilt.
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